The combined effects of climate change and population dynamics in Kenya are increasing food insecurity, environmental degradation, and poverty. However, these two issues are not prioritized and addressed together in the country’s development plans. The African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) and Population Action International (PAI) conducted a study between January and June 2012 to assess the landscape for integrating population and climate change in Kenyan development policies and strategies.

Unless population dynamics and climate change are fully prioritized in overall development strategies and implemented in an integrated manner, it will be very difficult for Kenya to achieve sustainable development. Improved policies, better coordination, and adequate financial and human resources are needed to ensure effective implementation of programs. Meeting women and their partners’ needs for family planning and enhancing resilience to climate change effects should be top development priority in Kenya.