This global data sheet provides data on 15 key national-level population and climate change indicators for all countries of the world. It contains data tables, narrative text, and images explaining critical population-climate change relationships. By highlighting select demographic, health, socioeconomic, and climate change-related indicators for both industrialized and developing countries, the datasheet serves as a foundation for exploring the diversity of baseline conditions under which countries are facing climate change challenges. Specific indicators include total and projected population, total and per capita CO2 emissions, cars per 1000 population, forest cover, resilience rating, female participation in secondary school, unmet need for family planning, and percentage of population below international poverty line. Relationships among these variables suggest a comprehensive approach to development could help build climate change resilience and adaptive capacity, and accompanying text outlines policy options that can contribute to long-term sustainability in the face of climate change.